Conoce las principales diferencias entre una maestría y un doctorado

Learn the main differences between a master’s degree and a PhD

In higher education, two of the most common options for those who wish to advance their careers and acquire specialized knowledge are the master’s degree and the doctoral degree. While both offer leadership opportunities, training and opportunities, there are significant differences between these two advanced degrees of study.

First, a master’s degree is a higher academic level than an undergraduate or bachelor’s degree. Professionals seeking a master’s degree are generally interested in gaining specialized skills and knowledge in a particular field that may or may not be related to their initial area of study. In addition, the master’s degree provides an in-depth study focused on a theoretical, technological and professional aspect of a certain area; and allows much more access to a broader labor market with better conditions, among them, almost 80% more salary than that of other colleagues.

PhD, another level

On the other hand, the PhD is the highest academic degree, with a focus on research and the discovery of new knowledge in a specific field. The doctorate can only be surpassed by another higher type of study called the postdoctoral degree.

One of the main differences between the master’s degree and the PhD is the level of training and specialization offered by each. While the master’s degree focuses on teaching practical and theoretical skills in a particular area of study, the doctorate is primarily aimed at equipping professionals with research skills that can further their development of a particular area.

Through the PhD, students can develop advanced skills in research and critical analysis, enabling them to become experts in their field of study and conduct innovative research. Typically, this level of study is for those with an interest in teaching.


Another key difference is the level of leadership expected of graduates of each program. Although in both programs it is possible to assume important leadership roles within any organization, the PhD is considered a more prestigious degree that can open more doors in the working world, as PhDs are recognized as experts in their professional area and are often hired as university professors or researchers in leading organizations.

Other differences

On the other hand, the Ph.D. offers more research and publication opportunities than the master’s degree. D. students must complete an original research thesis that contributes to the understanding of their field of study. Meanwhile, the master’s degree often includes internship or practicum opportunities, allowing students to apply their skills and knowledge in a real-world setting and gain hands-on experience in their field of study. While this can be beneficial, it is not as common in doctoral programs.

Duration of the programs

Another important difference between a master’s degree and a doctorate is the length of the program. Most master’s programs are completed between 12 and 24 months, or one to two years, while doctoral programs can last from four to seven years. During this time, doctoral students are immersed in advanced research and dissertation writing, which can be a challenging and time-consuming task.

Both are academic degrees that raise the professional profile and make them more attractive to companies looking for specialized personnel with complementary skills to meet the needs of an increasingly competitive market.

BIU University maintains its commitment to excellence by offering higher education programs such as masters and doctoral degrees, exporting to society high-level professionals with great projection and sense of leadership, capable of leading the most important organizations in the world.

You can learn more about the doctoral and master’s programs available to you here.

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